Total Hip Replacement Surgery
Total hip replacement (THR) involves replacement of both the ball (femur) and socket (acetabulum) of the hip joint. The femoral component is a modular one, consisting of a stem (made of metal such as cobalt-chrome or titanium) and head-neck (made of metal or ceramic). The acetabular component can be made of ceramic, metal or plastic (UHMWPE). The components are fixed to the parent bone by either bone cement (cemented hips) or by natural bone ingrowth/ongrowth over special porous or roughened surfaces (uncemented hips). Uncemented hips are costlier than cemented hips, and are supposed to have longer survivorship.
Diseases of the hip are commonly seen in young people, and hence, hip replacements should have high survivorship over 30 to 40 years. This has been achieved with the newer high-performance bearing materials like ceramic, oxinium and highly cross-linked poly. Hence, unlike knee replacements, hip replacements can even be done in adolescents, if required.
Dr. Vinay have 10 years of experience consulting and performing hip procedures and have conducted over thousands of total hip replacement surgeries with extremely high success rates and long term patient satisfaction.
World leading expertise, years of experience, the latest diagnostic technology, and a focus on exceptional patient care
What Happens During Hip Replacement Surgery
The damaged sections of your hip joint will be removed and replaced with implants made from metal, ceramic or plastic, or a combination of the 3 materials. Your new artificial joint, also called a prosthesis will help increase your range of motion, reduce pain and increase mobility.
You will have a general physical and clinical examination. This will include a blood tests, questions about your medical history, and a thorough examination of your hip to assess its range of motion and the strength of surrounding muscles. In addition you will undergo X-rays of your chest and pelvis.
During the surgery
The surgeon will make an incision over the front or side of your hip. They will then proceed to remove any damaged bone and cartilage, leaving healthy bone intact.
Next the prosthetic socket will be implanted into your pelvic bone, replacing the damaged socket. Following this, the ‘round ball’ on top of your femur will be replaced with the prosthetic ball, which in turn is then attached to a stem that fits into your thighbone
After the surgery
You will be transferred to our recovery ward while your anesthesia wears off. Our UK trained doctors and nurses will monitor your vitals and administer any pain medication to ensure you are comfortable. Our inpatient physical therapists will assist you with a course of exercises to speed recovery both in the hospital and when you are back at home.
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Dr. H. Vinay Kumar
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